Women's Health: Contraception

From the Women's Health series

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This Video Learning Activity (VLA) describes the various types of contraceptive methods that are currently available, and examines some of the differences between these. The reasons why certain contraceptive methods may be favourable over others are also explored.

Topics include:

  • Types of hormonal contraception
  • Side effects of hormonal contraception
  • Non-hormonal contraception methods
  • Factors effecting contraceptive decisions.   

Target audience:

This VLA will be of interest to all nurses and midwives across all areas of professional practice and in particular to those wishing to work in sexual and reproductive health, and community health.   

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this VLA you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between the different types of hormonal and non-hormonal contraception
  • Identify common side effects of hormonal contraception
  • Explain the factors that may affect contraceptive options.

The aim of this VLA is to investigate the different forms of contraception presently available and to provide information about all of these contraceptive methods. A further aim is to explain why certain methods of contraception may be selected over others.

In 2008, it was estimated that 41% of the 208 million pregnancies that occurred worldwide were not planned (Signh et al., 2010). In some, but not all cases, unplanned pregnancy can pose a significant threat to a woman and her family. The ability to effectively control fertility is therefore an important reproductive health issue. In Australia today, a range of contraceptive options exist and, at a time where members of the public seek more information from health professionals about the options available to them, nurses and midwives are in a great position to assist with a patient’s contraceptive choice. There is therefore a need for nurses and midwives to be aware of the various forms of contraception that are currently available, and of when these contraceptive options may be used.   

Nurses in Australia, are required to obtain a minimum of 20 continuing professional development (CPD) hours each year that relate to their context of practice in order to comply with mandatory regulatory requirements.


Citing this VLA