12 Hours | 45 Mins
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Cardiac Care: Understanding Complex Cardiac Conditions Seminar

2 Day Seminar to Advance Your Knowledge


Cardiac disease is increasing in our community. Technology and better knowledge, combined with less invasive treatments, mean that even people with complex cardiac conditions are living longer. If you care for patients with complex cardiac disease attend this conference to advance your knowledge about:

  • Complex dysrhythmias – causes, identification, and management
  • Chest pain – differentiation of types and immediate nursing interventions
  • Heart murmurs, extra heart sounds, and valvular disorders – how to accurately auscultate
  • Cardiogenic shock – clinical symptoms and shock
  • Complex case study of a patient with congestive cardiac failure
  • Troubleshooting temporary epicardial pacing and much, much more...
Attend this seminar if you are already confident in your cardiac care and would like to advance your knowledge further in regard to complex, yet common cardiac conditions. Book now!

Need for Program

According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW, 2016), nearly half a million hospital admissions in 2014 to 2015 were specifically related to the circulatory system, including arrhythmia, heart failure, heart attacks, and angina. As our ageing population increases, so do complex cardiac diseases. Nurses caring for patients with these conditions need to feel confident that they are up-to-date with the assessment and management of complex cardiac disorders so as to continuously improve patient outcomes.

Purpose of Program

The purpose of this program is to improve patient outcomes through assessment, understanding of relevant pathophysiology, and appropriate evidence-based nursing actions for people who present with cardiac disease.

Your Learning Outcomes

  1. You will have greater confidence in assessing a patient with a complex cardiac condition
  2. Patients in your care will have complex dysrhythmias recognised at an early stage and managed according to best-practice
  3. Immediate nursing assessment, management, and differentiation of chest pain will reflect current guidelines
  4. Knowledge of cardiac function will assist you to recognise cardiogenic shock early to prevent complications
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Day One

8:30am - Registration and Refreshments


Welcome, Overview of Seminar, and Pre-Test

This introductory session will provide you with an opportunity to benchmark your knowledge. Privately you will be asked to complete a short pre-test relating to the content to be covered over the two days.


Cardiac Anatomy and Physiology

This revision session provides the foundation for your understanding of complex cardiac disorders. You will have an opportunity to reflect on your current level of knowledge relating to cardiovascular system anatomy and physiology and brush up on the following:

  • Brief revision of cardiac anatomy and physiology
  • Understanding of the electrical and mechanical events within the heart
  • How vital signs relate to physiological processes
  • The determinants of cardiac output


Cardiovascular System – Physical Assessment

Nurses working in cardiac specialties, such as cardiology, cardiothoracic, and coronary care units pride themselves on having impeccable cardiac assessment skills. Despite access to continuous monitoring, physical examination techniques elicit a significant portion of data from which you generate a nursing assessment. This session will cover the haemodynamic physical assessment of a patient based on:

  • Preload
    • Starling’s law
    • Fluid/hydration status and fluid challenges
    • CVP and JVP assessment
  • Contractility
    • Heart rate and rhythm
    • Pulse
    • Stroke volume; cardiac output; cardiac function
    • ECG
  • After load
    • Blood pressure
    • Temperature
    • Autoregulation

11:00am - Morning Tea


How to Spot Acute Coronary Syndrome on an ECG

This next session will consider the management of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) You will be able to:

  • Understand the significance of ST elevation, ST depression, T wave inversion, and pathological Q waves
  • Relate complex clinical presentations and ECG changes to pathophysiological changes occurring in ACS
  • Differentiate chest pain presentations using clinical symptoms and practice recognising subtle ECG changes that accompany each type

1:15pm - Lunch and Networking


Identifying and Managing Unstable Tachycardias

Unstable tachycardias have the potential to lead to cardiac arrest. The significance of these arrhythmias means that you must feel comfortable identifying and managing the following:

  • SVT, rapid AF, and atrial flutter rhythms
  • SVT with aberrancy versus VT
  • Why bundle branch blocks alter the QRS complex
  • Drugs versus electrical cardioversion

3:45pm - Afternoon Tea


Identifying and Managing Unstable Bradycardias

This final session of day one will consider another class of potentially life-threatening arrhythmias. It includes how to identify and manage:

  • Sinus bradycardia, atrioventricular node block, and idioventricular rhythms
  • Drugs versus pacing

5:00pm - Close of Day One of Seminar

Day Two

9:00am - Commencement of Day Two


Understanding the Concepts of Permanent and Temporary Pacemakers

Temporary epicardial pacing is the most common means of pacing seen following cardiac surgery. Given the fast-paced nature of cardiac surgery and patients increasingly returning to cardiac units, such as coronary care, sooner in the post-operative period, this final session looks at this important area of cardiac nursing. It includes:

  • What are the aims of temporary pacing?
  • What are the different types of temporary pacing and when is each type indicated?
  • Modes of pacing – what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
  • Threshold testing – simple steps for assessing sensitivity and output, including what should you document?
  • How do you troubleshoot temporary pacemakers?

11:00am - Morning Tea


Valvular Heart Disease

Valvular heart disease is a common condition amongst Australians and is characterised by the malfunctioning of one or more of the heart's valves. This session will introduce valvular heart disease and review:

  • Occurrence of valvular heart disease
  • Risk factors for valvular heart disease
  • Understanding the pathophysiology of valvular heart disease
  • Patient symptoms that differentiate between different valvular diseases and how you would assess each


Heart Murmurs and Extra Heart Sounds

Continuing on from the previous session, this interactive session focuses on a practical approach to valvular heart disease recognition and includes:

  • Auscultating heart sounds to recognise when there are abnormal heart sounds present
  • Differentiating between valvular stenosis and regurgitation
  • Case scenarios to link your theoretical understanding with practical application

1:20pm - Lunch and Networking


Understanding the Different Types of Shock

The cardiovascular system is a closed circuit that maintains a perfect equilibrium; blood comes into the heart, blood goes through the heart and then blood leaves the heart. This session will look at what happens when a spanner is thrown into the works of this perfectly functioning system and includes:

  • The relationship between preload, afterload, and contractility
  • The differences between hypovolemic, cardiogenic, and distributive shock
  • The causes, clinical symptoms, and management of these various types of shock

3:40pm - Afternoon Tea and Coffee


Heart Failure – A Case Study

Heart failure is often the result of a combination of other disorders, and it may lead to numerous other system failures or complications in patients. In this session, we will discuss the assessment, management, and common treatment options that you need to be aware of in the patient presenting with the different types of heart failure. It includes:

  • How cardiac output is affected in heart failure
  • Key differences in types and presentations of heart failure
  • The sequence of events in heart failure and how these might present in symptoms
  • Putting it all together – assessment, education, and nursing interventions relating to complex presentations

This session includes a complex case scenario relating to the management of a patient with an exacerbation of congestive cardiac failure.


Final Wrap Up and Completion of Post-Test Quiz

5:15pm - Close of Seminar and Evaluations



Cardiac Care: Understanding Complex Cardiac Conditions Seminar 2019

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