Nutrition and Hydration
As a person approaches the final stages of life, there can sometimes be a view that there is no need to address nutritional and hydration needs in any comprehensive way. In this chapter, it is assumed that nutritional care is being given to alleviate symptoms and not to prolong life. Nutritional and hydration decisions are usually taken to satisfy daily comfort needs. Even if a person has limited life expectancy as a result of a terminal or chronic illness, people can, and do, access the support of palliative care services at various stages of their illnesses. It should not be assumed that everyone receiving palliative care is necessarily nearing death.
- The food ritual
- Prevalence and causes of malnutrition
- Advice and management
- Advanced directives and medical treatment acts
- The dying process: management dilemmas