Psychoses and Thought Disorders
The term ‘psychosis’ refers to a severe mental illness in which the person suffers from distorted perceptions of reality – that is, the person has difficulty in knowing what is real and what is not real. People with psychoses can suffer from delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders and inappropriate emotions. In most cases, there is also a significant change (or ‘disorganisation’) in the personality. Psychosis is due to a malfunction in the brain, and a person suffering from psychosis has no control over this malfunction. Medical treatment is usually required, and this almost always involves the use of anti-psychotic medication. A caring helper who is able to recognise that a person is suffering from psychosis might be the first person to offer assistance and guidance to appropriate medical care. This chapter addresses the causes of psychoses and how to manage it.
- causes of psychosis
- signs and symptoms
- recognising early stage psychosis
- strategies and techniques.