All Resources (eChapter)
Headaches are common among children and most are not serious. However, some are serious and a small proportion will prove to be life-threatening. This chapter emphasises the need to be fully aware of ...the significance of headaches in children.
Dermatitis is a general term which means, literally, inflammation of the skin. This chapter discusses some of the more common causes of dermatitis in children, including eczema, psoriasis, fungal infe...ctions, scabies and head lice, and provides guidance for their management.
Fractures and Dislocations
Younger children are at greater risk of injury than older children and adults. This is because they have a poor understanding of risk and danger, they are unaware of their own limitations and they are... easily distracted. There are many possible causes of injury in children. This chapter describes injuries that affect the bones, joints or muscles of the body and elaborates on care of children being treated for a musculoskeletal injury.
When a child suffers an injury to the head, the problem is to know how to recognise the more serious head injuries from among those that have no significant consequences. This chapter differentiates b...etween minor and major head injuries in children.
Wounds and Burns
A wound is a break in the skin. Various words are used to describe a wound depending on its appearance and the nature of the injury that caused the wound. This chapter explores the different types and... causes of wounds and their treatment.
This chapter discusses the emergency care of some potentially life-threatening situations involving children. It includes allergic reactions, seizures and resuscitation, and provides guidance for the ...treatment of these conditions. This material should be the cornerstone of knowledge for any nurse working in the pediatric specialties.
eChapter End Matter
This chapter contains the index to the Ausmed chapter series Care of Sick Children: A Basic Guide. In addition to this useful reference, a glossary of key terms included in the series is included and ...a post-series test that readers may find useful to check their knowledge.
The Skin and Healing
The health of skin is affected by age, nutrition, hygiene, circulation, immunity, psychological states, and drugs. This chapter considers the anatomy and physiology of the skin, and how these factors ...affect the normal process of wound healing...
Assessment and Documentation
The cornerstones of wound management are sound assessment and accurate documentation (Banks 1998). This chapter explores wound assessment methods and the use of consistent terminology that facilitates... reliable documentation and communication...
Cleansing and Skin Care
Effective wound management requires removal of debris and foreign bodies from wound tissue. Until the wound is clean, inflammation persists and optimum wound healing cannot occur. In this chapter lear...n about general wound cleansing and skin care.
Wound Bed Preparation
Wound-bed preparation (WBP) is increasingly recognised as being crucial to effective chronic wound management. This chapter provides an extensive discussion on the principles in WBP and the problems t...hat can arise in it...
Nutrition and Healing
Healing is enhanced by the provision of all nutrients required for tissue restoration and strengthening of the immune system. This chapter explores the required nutrients for optimal wound healing and... more.
Reconstructive techniques are required in wound management if there is significant tissue loss as a result of injury or surgery. This chapter is solely devoted to reconstructive techniques and their r...ole in wound management...
This chapter first discusses the assessment and treatment of leg ulcers in general terms. Specific advice is given on the assessment and management of particular types of leg ulcers such as Venous leg... ulcers and Arterial leg ulcers...