Most parents and carers are understandably worried if a child suffers an injury to the head. However, they can be reassured that minor injuries to the head are common in childhood, and that the overwh...elming majority are not serious. The problem is to know how to recognise the more serious head injuries from among the everyday events that have no significant consequences. This chapter provides guidance to parents and carers in evaluating head injuries and deciding when to seek medical assistance. The chapter discusses head injuries, and pays special attention to the topics of serious head injuries and concussion, and their immediate and ongoing management.