Eating Mindfully: Can it Help Combat Globesity?
Published: 03 June 2020
Published: 03 June 2020
The concept of mindful eating has been gaining popularity in recent years, and as the global epidemic of obesity - referred to as ‘globesity‘ by the World Health Organization (WHO) - persists, it’s not difficult to see why (O’Reilly et al. 2014; WHO 2017).
The WHO asserts that while obesity is a visible issue, it is often neglected. There are concerns that serious diet-related health detriments will arise if the issue of obesity is not addressed as soon as possible, resulting in preventable illness or premature death (WHO 2017).
Diet-related health conditions that may develop include:
In Australia alone, 67% of adults and one-quarter of children are obese or overweight. Furthermore, people living in remote or ‘outer regional’ Australia are more likely to be overweight or obese than those from Australia’s main cities (AIHW 2019).
A significant number of studies of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) found that they facilitated improvement in targeted eating behaviours such as binge-eating, emotional eating and external eating (O’Reilly et al. 2014).
Similarly, another systematic review found that attentive eating can help influence dietary intake, which may assist in weight loss without the need of calorie-counting (Robinson et al.’s 2013).
Yet another study found that mindfulness contributed to reductions in abdominal fat (Daubenmier et al. 2011).
Evidently, there is an emerging movement towards mindful eating practices in weight management. But what does ‘mindful eating’ actually involve?
Weight gain and weight regain after successfully losing weight may result from eating behaviours such as binge-eating, emotional eating, external eating and craving-related eating (Grucza, Pryzbeck & Cloninger, 2007 cited in O’Reilly et al., 2014).
Unfortunately, research suggests that most people lose weight, regain it and end up back at their initial weight or even exceed it within about five years (O’Reilly et al., 2014).
A systematic review raises concerns that although 13 out of the 19 reviewed studies demonstrated weight loss among MBI participants, it is unclear to what extent these weight loss changes resulted directly from mindfulness. These researchers suggested that future research is needed regarding contributing factors (e.g. biology and psychology) to the relationship between weight loss and mindfulness. (Olson & Emery 2014).
Another field that requires further research is why certain people have poorer inhibitory control than others (Hogenkamp et al. 2015).
A study of long-term weight loss in individuals post-Roux-en-Y Bypass bariatric surgery demonstrated that a significant number of people struggled with sustainable weight loss. These individuals were found to have less inhibitory control than participants who managed to sustain weight management following surgery, thus suggesting that cognitive behaviour therapies post-bariatric surgery may aid in sustaining weight management (Hogenkamp et al, 2015).
Although it is clear that further research is required into the role of mindful eating in weight loss, several studies have shown promising results. Whether MBIs can have a widespread impact on globesity is still to be seen.
Question 1 of 3
True or false? Australians from major cities are more likely to be overweight or obese than those from outer regional Australia.
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